Glioblastoma (GBM) remains the most common adult brain tumor, with poor survival expectations, and no new therapeutic modalities approved in the last decade. Our laboratories have recently demonstrated that the integration of a transcriptional disease signature obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas’ GBM dataset with transcriptional cell drug-response signatures in the LINCS L1000 dataset yields possible combinatorial therapeutics. Considering the extreme intra-tumor heterogeneity associated with the disease, we hypothesize that the utilization of single-cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq) of patient tumors will further strengthen our predictive model by providing insight on the unique transcriptomes of the cellular niches present within these tumors, and into the transcriptional dynamics of these same cellular niches. By sequencing single-cell transcriptomes from recurrent GBM tumors resected from patients at the University of Miami, and integrating our datasets with previously published scRNA-seq data from primary GBM tumors, we are able to gain additional insight into the differences between these clinical distinctions. We have analyzed the differential expression of kinases both across and within distinct cell populations of primary and recurrent GBM tumors. This transcriptional map of kinase expression represents the heterogeneity of potential targets within individual tumors and between recurrent and primary GBM. Additionally, by generating disease signatures unique to each cellular population, and integrating these with transcriptional drug-response signatures from LINCS, we are able to predict compounds to target specific cell populations within GMB tumors. Additional computational techniques such as RNA velocity analysis and cell cycle scoring elucidate temporal insights to further prioritize these cell-type specific therapeutics and reveal the intracellular dynamics present within these tumors. Collectively, our studies suggest that we have developed a novel omics pipeline based on the single-cell RNA-sequencing of individual GBM cells that addresses intra-tumor heterogeneity, and may lead to novel therapeutic combinations for the treatment of this incurable disease.
Read more . . .
Robert Suter, Vasileios Stathias, Anna Jermakowicz, Alexa Semonche, Michael Ivan, Ricardo Komotar, Stephan Schürer, Nagi Ayad, COMP-16. COMPREHENSIVE TRANSCRIPTOMIC ANALYSIS OF SINGLE CELLS FROM RECURRENT AND PRIMARY GLIOBLASTOMA TO PREDICT CELL-TYPE SPECIFIC THERAPEUTICS, Neuro-Oncology, Volume 21, Issue Supplement_6, November 2019, Page vi64, https://doi.org/10.1093/neuonc/noz175.259