Yelena Yesha Lecture 2/5/2020 on Medical Imaging

Yelena Yesha at CARTA

Yelena Yesha Lecture 2/5/2020 on Medical Imaging

Artificial intelligence (AI) has great potential to augment the clinician as a virtual radiology assistant (vRA) through enriching information and providing clinical decision support. Deep learning is a type of AI that has shown promise in performance for Computer Aided Diagnosis (CAD) tasks. A current barrier to implementing deep learning for clinical CAD tasks in radiology is that it requires a training set to be representative and as large as possible in order to generalize appropriately and achieve high accuracy predictions. We present an Active Semi-supervised Expectation Maximization (ASEM) learning model for training a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) for lung cancer screening using Computed Tomography (CT) imaging examinations. Our learning model is novel since it combines semi-supervised learning via the Expectation-Maximization (EM) algorithm with active learning via Bayesian experimental design for use with 3D CNNs for lung cancer screening. ASEM simultaneously infers image labels as a latent variable, while predicting which images, if additionally labeled, are likely to improve classification accuracy. The performance of this model has been evaluated using three publicly available chest CT datasets: Kaggle2017, NLST, and LIDC-IDRI. Our experiments showed that ASEM-CAD can identify suspicious lung nodules and detect lung cancer cases with an accuracy of 92% (Kaggle17), 93% (NLST), and 73% (LIDC) and Area Under Curve (AUC) of 0.94 (Kaggle), 0.88 (NLST), and 0.81 (LIDC). These performance numbers are comparable to fully supervised training but use only slightly more than 50% of the training data labels.

Yelena Yesha

Computed Tomography has become an essential tool in diagnosing numerous diseases, especially cancer. CT scans have become vital in identifying the presence of a cancerous tumor and to find if cancer has metastasized. The scans are generated by exposing the patient to ionizing radiation. Exposure to radiation increases the patient’s risk of cancer. Repeated scans might aggravate the condition and might also aid in spreading the cancerous cells to nearby tissues in patients that already have cancer. Hence, it is required to conduct a CT examination involving a low dose of radiation, which reduces the amount of ionizing radiation exposure. But a lower dose would result in poor image quality which lowers the diagnostic accuracy. Currently, there are not many optimal noise measurement and prediction methods to assess the diagnostic quality of the image. We propose an automated approach to find the global noise of a CT scan associated with a tissue.

This Department of Computer Science Pizza Seminar Series lecture is free and open to UM Faculty/Staff/Students.

Wednesday, February 5th, 2020, 5:05 PM | Refreshments will be served at 4:30

LOCATION:  Memorial Bldg. Room 217, 1111 Memorial Drive, Coral Gables, FL 33146

SPEAKER:  Yelena Yesha, PhD
-Visiting Distinguished Professor, Department of Computer Science, University of Miami
-Distinguished University Professor, Department of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering, University of Maryland, Baltimore County
-Director, NSF Center for Accelerated Real Time Analytics